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  • Quickfacts
    Government Parliamentary Republic
    Date of Establishment 18.11.1918
    President Andris Berzins
    Colour of Flag Red and White
    Capital Riga
    Currency Euro
    Neighbouring Countries Estonia, Lithuania, Russia, Belarus and by a maritime border to the west with Sweden
    Area 64,589 km2
    Population 2005200 (Approx)
    Religion Christianity
    Official Language Latvian


    • Latvia lies in Northern Europe, on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea and northwestern part of the East European craton.
    • The total length of Latvia's boundary is 1,866 km.
    • Latvia has a temperate climate that has been described in various sources as either humid continental. Winter starts in mid-December and lasts until mid-March. Summer starts in June and lasts until August.
    • Latvia is a member of NATO, European Union, United Nations & Council of Europe.
    • Latvia is a unitary state, currently divided into 110 one-level municipalities and 9 republican cities (Latvian: republikas pilsetas) with their own city council and administration: Daugavpils, Jekabpils, Jelgava, Jurmala, Liepaja, Rezekne, Riga, Valmiera and Ventspils
    • Riga International Airport is the busiest airport in the Baltic states with 4.7 million passengers approximately .
    • The sole official language of Latvia is Latvian, which belongs to the Baltic language group. The English language is widely accepted in Latvia, especially in business and tourism.
    • Riga Technical University and University of Latvia are two major universities in the country, both been established on the basis of Riga Polytechnical Institute and located in Riga.

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